Initiative Director Tom Rodd,; (c) 304-541-4494; 304-265-0018




List of Selected Publications and Internet Resources
Prepared for the June 6-7, 2014 Blackwater Falls Conference:  
"Climate Change and the Highlands: What's at Stake -- What's at Risk?"

Impacts Generally

Butler, P.  2012. Central Appalachians Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment, Powerpoint              presentation, USDA Forest Service.

Byers, E. and S. Norris.  2011.  Climate change vulnerability assessment of species of concern in West Virginia.  West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Elkins, West Virginia.

Climate and Land Use Change Research and Development Program website, United States Geological Survey.

Landscape Change Research Group. 2014. Climate change atlas. Northern Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, Delaware, OH.  The US Forest Service Online Climate Change Bird and Tree Atlas can be used to examine the current distribution of tree and bird habitats in the eastern United States, and how these habitat distributions might change in response to different climate scenarios. Model inputs, assumptions and results are all available via the online interface.

Kane, A., T.C. Burkett, S. Klopfer, and J. Sewall. 2013. Virginia’s Climate Modeling and Species Vulnerability Assessment: How Climate Data Can Inform Management and Conservation. National Wildlife Federation, Reston, Virginia.

Molina, M., J. McCarthy, D. Wall, R. Alley, K. Cobb, J. Cole, S. Das, N. Diffenbaugh, K. Emanuel, H. Frumkin, K. Hayhoe, C. Parmesan, and M. Shepard.  2014.  What we know: The reality, risks, and response to climate change.  American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.

National Climate Assessment 2014, US Global Change Research Program.

Shortle, J., D. Abler, S. Blumsack, R. Crane, Z. Kaufman, M. McDill, R. Najjar, R. Ready, T. Wagener, and D. Wardrop.  2009.  Pennsylvania Climate Impacts Assessment.  The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

Shortle, J., D. Abler, M. McDill, R. Ready, A. Ross, C. Benson, D. Wardrop, M. Rydzik, R. Najjar, S. Blumsack, and T. Wagener.  2013.  Pennsylvania Climate Impacts Assessment Update.  The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

US National Phenology Network.


Impacts on Weather 

Gao, Y., J.S. Fu, J.B. Drake, Y. Liu, and J-F Lamarque.  2012.  Projected changes of extreme weather events in the eastern United States based on a high resolution climate modeling system. Environmental Research Letters 7:044025.

Greene, C.H., J.A. Francis, and B.C. Monger. 2013. Superstorm Sandy: A series of unfortunate events? Oceanography 26:8-9.

Law, K.  2013.  History and forecast of climate change,Powerpoint presentation at STaR Symposium, Marshall University.

Liu, J., J.A. Curry, H. Wang, M. Song, and R.M. Horton.  2012.  Impact of declining Artic sea ice on winter snowfall.   Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109:4074-4079.

World Meteorological Organization.  2013.  The Global Climate 2001-2010: A decade of climate extremes.  World Meteorological Organization.  Geneva, Switzerland.


Impacts on Forests and Trees

Beane, N. R.  2010.  Using Environmental and Site-specific Variables to Model Current and Future Distribution of Red Spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.)  Forest Habitat in West Virginia.  Dissertation, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Beckage, B., B. Osborne, D.G. Gavin, C. Pucko, T. Siccama, and T. Perkins.  2008.  A rapid upward shift of a forest ecotone during 40 years of warming in the Green Mountains of Vermont.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105: 4197-4202.

Iverson, L. R., A. M. Prasad, S. N. Matthews, and M. Peters. 2008. Estimating potential habitat for 134 eastern US tree species under six climate scenarios. Forest Ecology and Management 254:390-406.

Iverson, L.R., and A.M. Prasad.  2001.  Potential Changes in Tree Species Richness and Forest Community Types following Climate Change.  Ecosystems 4:186-199.

Iverson, L.R., M.W. Schwartz and A.M. Prasad. 2004. Potential colonization of newly available tree- species habitat under climate change: an analysis for five eastern US species. Landscape Ecology. 19:787–799.

Iverson, L.R., A.M. Prasad and M.W. Schwartz. 2005. Predicting potential changes in suitable habitat and distribution by 2100 for tree species of the eastern United States. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology. 61:29-37.

Iverson. L.R. and D. McKenzie.  2013.  Tree-species range shifts in a changing climate: detecting, modeling, assisting.  Landscape Ecology 28:879–889.

Kirschbaum M.U.F. 2000. Forest growth and species distribution in a changing climate. Tree Physiology 20:309-322.

Matthews, S. N., L. R. Iverson, A. M. Prasad, M. P. Peters, and P. G. Rodewald. 2011. Modifying climate change habitat models using tree species-specific assessments of model uncertainty and life history factors. Forest Ecology and Management 262:1460-1472.

Prasad, A. M., L. R. Iverson., S. Matthews., M. Peters. 2007-ongoing. A Climate Change Atlas for 134 Forest Tree Species of the Eastern United States [database], Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio.

Prasad, A. M., J. D. Gardiner, L. R. Iverson, S. N. Matthews, and M. Peters. 2013. Exploring tree species colonization potentials using a spatially explicit simulation model: implications for four oaks under climate change. Global Change Biology 19:2196–2208.

Stanton, J.M.  2009.  Modeled Red Spruce Distribution Response to Climatic Change in Monongahela National Forest.  Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia.

Woodall, C.W., C.M. Oswalt, J.A. Westfall, C.H. Perry, M.D. Nelson, and A.O. Finley.  2008.  An indicator of tree migration in forests of the eastern United States.  Forest Ecology and Management 257:1434-1444.

Zhu, K., C.W. Woodall, and J.S. Clark.  2012.  Failure to migrate: lack of tree range expansion in response to climate change.  Global Change Biology 18:1042-1052.

Zhu, K., C.W. Woodall, S. Ghosh, A.E. Gelfand, and J.S. Clark.  2014.  Dual impacts of climate change: Forest migration and turnover through life history.  Global Climate Change 20:251-264.


Impacts on Animals

Bartomeus, I., J.S. Ascher, D. Wagner, B.N. Danforth, S. Colla, S. Kornbluth, and R. Winfree.  2011.  Climate-associated phenological advances in bee pollinators and bee-pollinated plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108:20645-20649.

Bogan, Michael A. 2013.  Potential effects of global change on bats, United States Geological Survey,

Byers, E. and S. Norris.  2011.  Climate change vulnerability assessment of species of concern in West Virginia.  West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Elkins, West Virginia.

Fraser, K.C., C. Silverio, P. Kramer, N. Mickle, R. Aeppli, and B.J.M. Stutchbury.  2013.  A Trans- Hemispheric Migratory Songbird Does Not Advance Spring Schedules or Increase Migration Rate in Response to Record-Setting Temperatures at Breeding Sites. PLoS ONE 8:e64587.

Matthews, S.N., L. R. Iverson, A.M. Prasad, A. M., and M.P. Peters. 2007-ongoing. A Climate Change Atlas for 147 Bird Species of the Eastern United States [database]. Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio.

Milanovich, J.R., W.E. Peterman, N.P. Nibbelink, and J.C. Maerz.  2010.  Projected Loss of a Salamander Diversity Hotspot as a Consequence of Projected Global Climate Change.  PLoS ONE 5:e12189.

Nebel, S., A. Mills, J.D. McCracken, and P.D. Taylor.  2010.  Declines of Aerial Insectivores in North America Follow a Geographic Gradient. Avian Conservation and Ecology 5, 1.

Staudt, A., et al. 2013.  Swimming Upstream - Freshwater fish in a warming world, National Wildlife Federation.


Impacts on rivers, streams, and wetlands

Byers, E., Vanderhorst, J., and Streets, B.  2009. High elevation wetlands of the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia, West Virginia Natural Heritage Program, West Virginia Division of Natural Resources.

Pitchford, J. L., C. Wu, L. S. Lin, J. T. Petty, R. Thomas, W. E. Veselka IV, D. Welsch, N. Zegre, and J. T. Anderson. 2012. Climate Change Effects on Hydrology and Ecology of Wetlands in the Mid- Atlantic Highlands. Wetlands 32:21-33.

Yavitt, J.B., R.K. Wieder, and G.E. Lang.  1993.  CO2 and CH4 dynamics of a Sphagnum-dominated peatland in West Virginia.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7:259-274.